Indian art is influenced by philosophy, traditions and religion. So we can define art as hieratic, theological and even traditional one. If we pay more attention to the art then it is very close to the lifes of not only gods but also the creatures of this world. Apart from this, naturalismis also the witnessed in this skill. While studying the history of art we find that religious text also praised the work of artists. Hence we looked up the artists as an indispensable member of our society. Whether the artist do sculpture or a painting, the spontaneity factor always remain there. Even though modern art also revolves around the ancient and religious philosophies.
Features Of Indian Art:
World is regarded as an appearance of god in art. In fact, they define that divine is considered to be present in man and nature both. According to the Indian believes man’s obsession with practical ends and as well as the understanding of practical behaviour exaggerate the material world of today. Now it is the aim of all the Indian religions to break from these barriers in order to apprehend divinity directly. The ways of attaining the proper and required union with the divinity are infinite, and of these the one most significant for art is the method of worship the idols or the creation of symbols and forms to represent the innumberable invisible powers and mysteries of the supernatural world. The skills that grew up as a result of this necessity to represent the asoteric qualities of the divine was both symbolic and humanlike. Thus, the divine was given the human form.
Architecture in India
Besides its autochthon styles, Indian art and architecture also made up of the different styles that came in India because of conquers. The conqueror brought with them their own traditions and with the time flies these affected the Indian way of life as well. Beyond the shadow of doubts, it was the Islamic art that made a huge impact. Some of India’s most beautiful heritage and tradition is derived from the Muslims who conquered India for the long time. Whether it was rotunda shaped buildings, the forts or the Mughal Paintings, the influence was obvious. Nevertheless, under the Mughal regnant, Indian constructions found a new shape in the Indo-Islamic architecture. The several structures, like the Taj Mahal, Red Fort and diverse mausoleum were designed and build across the Art of Temple in India is rich and ebullient. Whether the temples followed the Dravidian or Nagara idioms, the gigantic temple structures, carved with fantoccini of gods and goddesses enthralling the onlooker.
Painting in India
If we talk about the painting then is an imperative part of art in India. It is known for its heterogeneous styles. There are various schools of painting like that of Bengal, Rajputs, Gwalior are distinctive genres having their individual quality and fame. Aside from these a particular type, better known as momentary art has also obtained popularity. For instance Rangoli, Body painting, floral art come under this category. They also find a place of fame in the arena of whole of Indian art.
Sculpture in India
Indian art is also a treasure house of sculptured art. In this country stone crafting is highly prominent. If we look at the sculptured art then the Chalukya, the Maurya, the Gandhara, the Vijayanagar, the Gupta, the Chola,the Orissa, the Hoysala, the Indo-Muslim, the Mogul art of the Deccan are exceptional and unique. The rock-cut caves of Udayagiri, Ajanta and Ellora; the Chola temple of the Nayakas at Madurai, the Chalukyan temple of Virupaksha, Bhubaneshwar’s Indo-Aryan temples, Modhera’s Sun temple, Puri and Konark, Gujarat and the Chandela temples of Khajuraho: these monuments present an innumberable variety of superlative stone carvings. The Traditional motifs like lotus blossoms, standing Deepalakshmis, courting apsaras are all adoptive as table lamps, ash-trays, or stone flower vases.
Performing Arts in India
Performing arts also made up an essential part of Indian art. Each region has its own privileged in developing exclusive styles and forms. Most of them are associated with religious customs and social functions. In some parts of West Bengal Chhau dance is performed. The noteworthyfeature of this dance is the artistic use of costumes and masks. Yakshagana, thrives to be a form of theatre including song, dance and drama which is very popular in Karnataka State. Puppet theatre also add charm in the Indian art form and it is widely practiced and performed in regions of Rajasthan.
Mime Art in India
Mime is another graceful art of India in which the artist delineate a story through diverse body movements without the use of speech. It can also be classified as a theatrical medium or performing art through which delightful themes can be displayed or conveyed beautifully. Mime art represents the awe-inspiring ways in which a white faced silent figure depicts diverse attributes of life through a way of entertainment.
Photography in India
Photography is one of the most esteemed arts of India. In this artist capturing the beauty, attributes, scenarios and underlying implications of the world in pictures. In this age and day, it has attained a intensed expression with the use of advanced technologies and instruments.
Although art in India has moved forward with time and has found utterance in different forms yet the fundamental quality and impact of culture and tradition on Indian art remains indubitable.
Content Credit : File Hippo